What Is Horizontal Reservation?

Are you curious to know what is horizontal reservation? You have come to the right place as I am going to tell you everything about horizontal reservation in a very simple explanation. Without further discussion let’s begin to know what is horizontal reservation?

Reservation policies have been instrumental in promoting social equality and addressing historical disadvantages in various aspects of life. Horizontal reservation is a specific type of reservation that focuses on ensuring representation and equal opportunities for specific categories of individuals across different groups or communities. In this blog post, we will delve into the concept of horizontal reservation, understand its purpose, explore its application in different sectors, and discuss its significance in fostering inclusivity and equal opportunities.

What Is Horizontal Reservation?

Horizontal reservation refers to the practice of reserving a certain percentage of seats or positions for specific categories of individuals across different groups or communities. Unlike vertical reservation, which focuses on reservation within a particular group or community, horizontal reservation aims to ensure representation and equal opportunities for marginalized sections of society across multiple categories.

Purpose And Application Of Horizontal Reservation:

  1. Promoting Social Inclusion: The primary purpose of horizontal reservation is to promote social inclusion and provide equal opportunities for individuals from marginalized communities. By reserving positions across different categories, such as education, employment, and public offices, it seeks to address historical disadvantages faced by these communities and uplift them.
  2. Ensuring Diversity and Representation: Horizontal reservation helps in achieving diversity and representation in various sectors. It ensures that individuals from different marginalized communities, including women, persons with disabilities, religious minorities, and other socially and economically disadvantaged groups, have a fair chance to participate and contribute to society.
  3. Addressing Intersectionality: Intersectionality recognizes that individuals can face multiple forms of discrimination based on their identities. Horizontal reservation acknowledges this by providing opportunities for individuals who belong to marginalized categories that may intersect. For example, a woman from a scheduled caste background may benefit from both gender-based and caste-based reservations.

Examples Of Horizontal Reservation:

  1. Educational Institutions: Many educational institutions implement horizontal reservation to ensure equal access and representation for students from various marginalized communities. It may include reservations for economically weaker sections, differently-abled students, and individuals from socially disadvantaged backgrounds.
  2. Government Employment: Horizontal reservation is also applied in government employment to ensure representation and opportunities for individuals from marginalized communities. Reserved positions may be available for candidates from Scheduled Castes (SC), Scheduled Tribes (ST), Other Backward Classes (OBC), and other socially and educationally backward classes.
  3. Political Representation: Political reservation is another area where horizontal reservation is practiced. It ensures representation of marginalized communities in legislative bodies through reservations for women, scheduled castes, scheduled tribes, and other underrepresented groups.

Significance Of Horizontal Reservation:

  1. Equality and Social Justice: Horizontal reservation is a significant tool for promoting equality and social justice. It recognizes the diverse challenges faced by marginalized communities and provides them with an opportunity to overcome historical disadvantages and participate fully in society.
  2. Empowerment and Upward Mobility: Horizontal reservation empowers individuals from marginalized communities by providing them with access to education, employment, and political representation. It creates a pathway for upward mobility, breaking the cycle of exclusion and fostering empowerment.
  3. Diversity and Inclusivity: Horizontal reservation contributes to the diversity and inclusivity of institutions and sectors. By ensuring representation from different marginalized communities, it enriches decision-making processes, policies, and perspectives, leading to a more inclusive society.


Horizontal reservation plays a crucial role in promoting equality, inclusivity, and social justice. By reserving positions across different categories, it addresses the historical disadvantages faced by individuals from marginalized communities and provides them with equal opportunities. Horizontal reservation ensures diversity, representation, and empowerment in education, employment, politics, and other spheres of life. Embracing horizontal reservation is an important step toward building a more inclusive society where everyone has a fair chance to succeed and contribute to the collective progress.


What Is An Example Of A Vertical Reservation?

For example, if women have 50% horizontal quota, then half of the selected candidates will have to necessarily be women in each vertical quota category i.e., half of all selected Scheduled Caste candidates will have to be women, half of the unreserved or general category will have to be women, and so on.

What Is Horizontal Reservation In Ssc?

Yes, there is a horizontal reservation for physically challenged candidates in the SSC CGL. The horizontal reservation is part of category-based reservations. 1. It is a reservation for persons with disabilities and ex-servicemen under categories such as general, SC, ST, and OBC. 2.

Is Ews Reservation Vertical Or Horizontal?

Reservations provided to certain social categories viz., SCs, STs and OBCs have been ordinarily referred to as ‘vertical reservations’ and the reservations provided to certain special categories viz., women, ex-service persons, sportspersons, differently-abled and project displaced persons etc., have been referred to …

What Is Horizontal And Vertical Reservation Quora?

Vertical reservation is divison of the main pie wheras horizontal reservation is division of the already divided pie.


I Have Covered All The Following Queries And Topics In The Above Article

Horizontal Reservation For Female

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Horizontal Reservation Category

Ews Is Vertical Or Horizontal Reservation

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What Is Horizontal Reservation