Individuals who do not speak English as their first language but wish to work or pursue an education abroad in a nation where English is the primary language of instruction can take the IELTS (International English Language Testing System) exam to demonstrate their English language proficiency. IDP, IELTS Australia, the British Council, and Cambridge Assessment English are responsible for managing IELTS. You must take the IELTS test if you plan to pursue your education overseas. You cannot receive a student visa without taking the IELTS exam.
You must first be familiar with the IELTS syllabus and format. Because you cannot pass the IELTS exam without being familiar with its syllabus and format. The four fundamental English language abilities of reading, speaking, writing, and listening are primarily evaluated in this test. This blog will assist you in learning about the IELTS syllabus and its many formats.
Reading, writing, speaking, and listening make up the four sections of the IELTS syllabus. For both the General Training and Academic papers, the listening and speaking components are always the same, but the reading and writing sections change.
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IELTS Syllabus in Detail:
- IELTS Writing Section:
The writing portion of the IELTS syllabus is the first part and comprises brief essays or reports that are written for an educated, non-specialist audience. The writing section consists of two assignments. In Task 1, applicants are required to write 150 words and convey information in their own words from a diagram, table, or other pieces of data. All applicants are given a point of view, argument, or issue in Task 2, which requires at least 250 words, and are then required to offer broad factual information, provide a solution, defend an opinion, assess ideas and supporting evidence, etc.
No. of questions: 2
Time: 60 minutes
Writing (IELTS Academic)
It consists of two exercises on subjects that are relevant to applicants for undergraduate or graduate programs and of broad interest. You will be given a sheet of paper with a diagram, table, or graph as your first assignment. You must describe and explain the supplied information in your own words. You can be required to analyze the provided data, interpret it, or use a flowchart to draw a logical conclusion.
You must write an essay as a response to your conclusion from the provided data for the next exercise, and you must include relevant instances from the provided data to back up your claim. Please be aware that the writing style must be very formal.
Writing (IELTS General Training)
Even though it has two tasks, it is significantly simpler than the academic format. You will be asked to draft a letter in response to the given scenario. Depending on the circumstances, the letter may be formal, semi-formal, or personal. You’ll be required to provide an explanation, make a request, or provide evidence to support your viewpoint.
You will be required to write an essay on the topic based on the aforementioned point of view. The thoughts and arguments presented here should be backed up by relevant examples, and the writing style may be somewhat personal.
- IELTS Reading Section:
Three general-interest texts covering topics suited for applicants for postgraduate or undergraduate programs make up the reading module. Each reading module has three sections of reading and forty questions. Multiple-choice, sentence-or summary-completion, identifying information for short-answer questions, matching lists or phrases, and recognizing writers’ opinions or attitudes are some examples of question formats.
No. of questions: About 40
Time: 30 minutes
Reading (IELTS Academic)
This has three lengthy paragraphs that might be either factual, analytical, or descriptive. These paragraphs are quotes from articles, books, journals, newspapers, or even magazines. The texts are perfect for professionals looking for work abroad or higher education aspirants because they are written for a non-specialist audience.
Reading (IELTS General Training)
Similar to the academic structure, these extracts may be sections from brochures, firm policies, or advertisements. Since the chosen material is typically something that people encounter every day, this style is easier than the academic one.
- IELTS Listening Section:
There are four sections in the listening module. While the final two dialogues are more directly tied to schooling, the first two conversations are focused on social needs. Each one will last around three minutes. The discussions might be dialogues or monologues. You can only hear these discussions once. Multiple-choice, short-answer, note-filling, sentence-filling, labeling a diagram, and other kinds of questions are among those that are asked.
No. of questions: 40+
Time: 30 minutes
Sections 1 and 2 discuss common social situations.
Recording 1 – A two-person conversation taking place in a typical social setting would be featured in the first tape.
Recording 2 – The second recording would be an ordinary, social context-based monologue.
Education and training contexts are covered in Sections 3 and 4.
Recording 3 – A conversation between four people in an instructional or training environment is captured in the tape that follows.
Recording 4 – The final recording would consist of a monologue about a scholarly topic.
- IELTS Speaking Section
The speaking section resembles an organized interview with a focus on all-around speaking abilities. It evaluates whether applicants possess the knowledge and abilities necessary to interact effectively with English-speaking natives.
No. of questions: This part comprises a personal interview, followed by a speech and then a discussion.
Time: 11 to 14 minutes
Part 1 introduction and interview (4–5 minutes) – You will be questioned about your home, family, hobbies, interests, studies, and other basic personal information during the first five minutes.
Part 2 long turn (2–3 minutes) – The examiner will next provide you with a flashcard with a specific topic. You will have a minute or two to learn about the subject as you will have to talk for roughly two minutes about it. After your speech, the examiner may have a few questions for you based on how well you comprehended the subject.
Part 3 discussions (5–6 minutes) – Based on the subject at hand and your speech, further in-depth queries, and abstract talks would follow. You will have the chance to look deeper into the issues surrounding your chosen topic. This section should take five to six minutes to complete.
The IELTS syllabus includes General Training and Academic tests. You could select one of these based on your needs. Self-study and coaching classes are two methods for preparing for the IELTS exam. Depending on your degree of comfort and linguistic ability, you can pick either approach. If English is already your first language, you can study for the test without any coaching sessions. However, if you want professional-level guidance, you may enrol in an educational institution to receive better assistance and training.
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